Carbon Dioxide (CO2) accounts for approximately 0.03% of air by volume. It is a colorless gas with no smell or taste.
Carbon Dioxide is a colourless and odourless gas, which is present in the air we breath, in very low concentrations. Classified as a ‘substance hazardous to health’ by the Health & Safety Executive - in higher concentrations Carbon Dioxide becomes harmful to health, and has proved to be fatal in may circumstances.
One of the biggest dangers of Carbon Dioxide, is the fact that it is a ‘silent killer’ as it simply cannot be detected, even at the highest of concentrations by human senses alone.
Exposure to elevated levels of Carbon Dioxide has the following effects:
- 250-350 ppm: Normal, outside air breathing level.
- 350 - 1,000 ppm: Normal, indoor air breathing level.
- 1,000 - 2000 ppm: Elevated levels in poor quality air, associated with drowsiness.
- 2,000-5,000 ppm: High Levels in Poor Air: dizziness, nausea, increased heart rate
- >5,000 ppm: UK Long Term Exposure Limit (8 Hour Reference Period)
- >15,000 ppm: UK Short Term Exposure Limit
In most workplaces and facilities, it’s the humans within the facility which are responsible for most of the Carbon Dioxide in the immediate atmosphere. Although typically safe in these concentrations - in poorly ventilated offices, workers can report feeling tired & drowsy where they themselves have contributed to elevated Carbon Dioxide levels.
Although elevated carbon dioxide levels can be a problem in poorly ventilated office spaces, carbon dioxide is only a danger to life in workplaces & premises which either store, or use Carbon Dioxide in their day to day operations. In these premises, it’s essential that carbon dioxide monitoring & detection is in place, to ensure that the owner of a premises, fulfills their duty of care to both employees, customers & visitors.
Wherever there is carbon dioxide on a premises, there is a risk of potentially fatal carbon dioxide leak. Carbon dioxide leaks happen day in, day out - and often prove fatal. A worker typically enters an environment with high carbon dioxide concentrations, loses consciousness, falls onto the floor - where carbon dioxide concentrations are higher still. Death then occurs through asphyxiation.
It would be a misconception to believe that these accidents only happen in industrial environments, where danger is expected. These deaths & incidents take place in a wide range of environments, including restaurants, bars & fast food kiosks.
At Analox, our business has been built on the back of successful detection of carbon dioxide using a wide range of sensors, both portable & fixed - all of which can be seen below.
If you have any questions about monitoring carbon dioxide in your premises, please do just get in touch and we will be happy to discuss your exact requirements in further detail.
Analox provide the following carbon dioxide (CO2) gas monitoring solutions:
Carbon gets its name from the Latin word carbo, which means "coal".